Today’s Vine is by Mario Bautista from Mexico City.
It’s not only entertaining, but also a good review of some basic conversational phrases.
- Attendant: Qué tal, buenas noches, menores de ocho años HOY entran gratis.
- Mom (madre): Ay, qué bueno, mi hijito tiene siete.
- Son (hijo): Ma, tengo diecinueve.
- Mom: ¡Cállate! Qué te decía–
- Attendant: How’s it going, good evening, TODAY anyone under the age of 8 enters for free.
- Mom (madre): Oh, that’s great, my little son is 7.
- Son (hijo): Mom, I’m 19.
- Mom: Shut it! What did I tell you–
Recall that cállate was used in this lesson as well, and I translated it to shut up.
Cállate is used as an aggressive, direct way of telling someone to be quiet.
However, it is not a perfect one-to-one translation of “shut up.” Sometimes in English you’ll tell someone, “be quiet!” or “shut it!” or “shhhh!” and you can be just as aggressive “cállate” in Spanish.
Note: mi hijo = my son. The word “hijito” is a diminuitive, meaning “my little son” – see this lesson (“yo me voy a comprar unas cositas“) for another example of diminutives.
- ¿Qué tal? – How’s it going? / What’s up?
- a useful greeting
- ¿Qué tal la clase? = How is/was the class?
- ¿Qué tal + ______? = How is/was ______?
- Buenas noches. – Good night / Good evening
- can be used for parting (buenas noches, see you in the morning)
- or meeting (buenas noches, welcome to this nighttime event!)
- Gratis – Free of charge
- libre – free, as in “available”
- Tengo ____ años = I am _____ years old.
- literally, I have ____ years.
- tengo diecinueve = I’m 19.
- ¿Qué te decía? = What did I tell you? / What did I use to tell you? / What was I telling you?
- Similar to this: ¿Qué te he dicho? from an earlier lesson
The Artful Act of “Noun-ifying” Things
Consider the phrase,
menores de ocho años = persons younger than 8 years.
menor as an adjective = younger, minor, smaller
menor as a noun = someone or something that is younger, minor, smaller
This is true with a lot of adjectives in Spanish – you can conveniently noun-ify them.
This is a popular show on Univision, the Spanish-language TV network.
gordo as an adjective = fat
el gordo as a noun = the person/animal/thing that is fat
flaca as an adjective = thin
la flaca as a noun = the person/animal/thing that is thin
See if you can identify these words/phrases in English.
- tengo diecinueve años
- tengo veinticuatro años
- no tengo siete años
- el año
- ¿qué tal?
- buenas noches
- mi hijo
- el hijo
If you’re still reading this, watch the Vine again! Then try to speak the words of the Vine out loud again, as slowly as you need to.
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